The documents required for a mortgage application can be categorized by type: Proof of Income/Employment, Proof of Assets, Credit History, and Residential History. These give potential lenders a glimpse into your situation so they see whether you’re a worthy borrower or not. Here’s a comprehensive mortgage application checklist to help you prepare for the lending process.
As you might have expected, income plays a significant role in a lender’s decision-making process. Multiple documents are needed to prove you can afford the payments.
Tax returns. Many lenders require at least two years of tax returns & W-2s to prove income stability. Check with your employer or the IRS if you don’t have these available.
Pay Stubs. Lenders usually ask for pay stubs from the last 30 days to demonstrate how much you’re currently making or have made in the past.
Alternative Forms. Other sources of income like child support, social security, disability, etc. might need to be proven through direct deposit information instead of a pay stub.
Employment Letter. This letter confirms your hire date and employment status for extra assurance that you’re honest about what you do.
Employer Contact Information. A lender may request a contact list with the company names, addresses, former bosses, HR representatives, and contact information.
The lender will look at assets to see how much cash is available to you if something were to happen and you couldn’t pay for the mortgage. As proof of your assets, they’ll look for the following documents:
Bank Statements. Lenders will ask for bank statements that cover the last 30-60 days, proving what is deposited and taken out of your account every month.
Proof of Property. If you own another home/property, be prepared to provide proof of ownership.
Gift Letters. Written documentation that proves money given to you is a gift specifically to pay for your new home and not a loan.
Credit & Other Information
Credit History. A lender will want to make sure you've been consistent with your past payments in order to know that you are trustworthy and can take on the responsibility of another major monthly expense.
Credit Report. Lenders will pull your credit report to check your credit worthiness.
Residential/Renting History. This is helpful if you lack an extensive credit history and necessary if you’ve never owned a home.
Proof of Rent Payments. Lenders may require proof from your previous landlord that you are able to make on-time payments. To get this, you’ll need either printed or digital physical statements from your housing office or landlord.
List of Previous Addresses. Be prepared to provide a list of all past addresses as well as names of past landlords and their contact information.
By preparing these documents ahead of time, you’ll likely stress less and have a better experience than if you started the home-buying process empty-handed.